For its bicentennial (2021), Peru aims to promote technological development in the country, as evidenced in its National Plan for Science, Technology and Innovation for Competitiveness and Human Development (PNCTI 2006-2021). That is why, the Special Plan for Technology Transfer is created to contribute to compliance posed by the PNCTI, which has 2 main actors, the private and economic sector.
On the part of the private sector, this has a major concern in relation to innovate, the same that was materialized within the topics discussed during the Annual Executive Conference (CADE by its Spanish acronym) and in the increase of the propensity to innovate. Likewise, on the academic side (universities and research institutes), an active interest of these is evidenced to participate in convenings by the State which finance research and development projects.
The plan was created with the aim of promoting the development and transfer of technological innovations in companies raising the competitiveness and productivity, added value with criterion of economic and environmental sustainability, in other words, Peru is shown as a market for open innovation. The evolution of innovation systems, from innovation to reach an open innovation, requires the existence of a system of Intellectual Property, able to define and clarify the ambiguities of the limits of intellectual assets for transfers. Thus, the Intellectual Property plays a strategic role in the assessment of knowledge, providing the university and institutions of a qualifying and broad portfolio of its intellectual capital what constitutes one of the priorities in the policies of the Special Plan for Technology Transfer.
In this way, it is intended that universities adopt a more aggressive position of “business” vision in the search of new sources of resources for research, and that such research takes place in the market and it is of commercial interest.
Thus, the State will organize technology meetings, technology fairs and other events to create networking among entrepreneurs and researchers in order to make easier the interaction and promote collaborative projects. Additionally, the State will strengthen training in intellectual property and technology transfer issues; diploma and master’s degrees focused on education and specialization of those issues will be set up.
Therefore, there are several factors the Peruvian State has assessed for the implementation of this program, which opts for national and foreign companies to work in collaboration with universities and institutes for research, technology and innovation in Peru.