A commercial secret is understood as any type of information, whatever its nature, which affects the companys life and management, has value for the company and which competitors would like to know. As an example, trade secrets include any information which affects the companys internal organisation, company-supplier and company-customer relations, and sales techniques.
Trade secrets are defined in broad terms covering: • Commercial secrets • Industrial secrets
A trade secret is understood as a set of knowledge and information which is not accessible to the general public and which is essential for: manufacturing or marketing products, providing services the companys administrative or financial organisation, and giving a competitive advantage in the market to whoever possesses that information, avoiding its disclosure and striving to conserve it.
– It helps to minimise risk in strategic R&D&I planning by anticipating and detecting changes in the direction of technology and the environment – It determines and identifies the environment and technological trends in the market – It identifies competitors, potential partners and/or companies producing technology and defines the possible entry barriers to a market: technological, legal and of the environment in general.
Intelligence differs from surveillance in that it constitutes a further step in the process of managing the information obtained: monitoring aims to search for and obtain the most relevant information for our environment interests, while Intelligence emphasises the analysis and evaluation of the results obtained from the monitoring based on different “indicators” or analysis types. This is presented in the form of reports aimed at facilitating decision-making.
-Updating the customer’s knowledge in the researched technology or technologies. -Supporting the research process. -Establishing a development’s novelty level. -Minimising the risk in strategic R&D&I planning. -Orientation of the best technology development strategy.
A Technology Surveillance report offers the interested party a summary of the patents relating to a specific technology through which it may update its knowledge with the latest developments. The report types cover a range which goes from specific monitoring (on-demand document service) up to a warning system (periodic document service).
Technology Surveillance is a management tool which allows the company to reduce risk in its decisions. It involves knowing the right information at the right time and is essential for R&D&I activities. It covers information relating to projects, initiatives, new technologies, possible partners, market demands, financial opportunities, regulations and other documentation of technical interest.
Through Technology Surveillance and Intelligence we can obtain information relating to previous disclosure of items which are the same as, or similar to, the technology or invention.
Recovery of a domain taken in bad faith is carried out through an administrative procedure using the Uniform Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy adopted by the ICANN, approved on 26 August 1999, as well as through the Rules for the Uniform Dispute Resolution Policy and the Supplemental Rules of the Provider which administers the proceedings.
It is an abusive practice which consists of registering a domain name belonging to a company or trade mark, with the aim extorting or blackmailing its legitimate owner.
As a consequence of the lack of unity of criteria, so-called “high-risk” domains are appearing in countries where any person from any part of the world can apply for a domain name without proving any legitimisation. These domains can become a danger for those companies which have a significant industrial property portfolio, as they facilitate domain hijacking with the aim of obtaining a profit.
These are also called geographic domains. These are the domains maintained by each country. These territorial domains are used by organisations and companies which wish to establish themselves on the Internet or which wish to protect the identity of their trade mark or their commercial name in one specific country.
The ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers) is the body responsible for assigning generic domain names (.com, .net, etc.).
Any individual or legal entity interested in having a presence on the Internet can register a .com domain.
A “.com” domain is an electronic address aimed at entities with a commercial or business purpose.
These inform us about the type of entity or the activity which it performs. They are made up of terms associated with some type of activity, or even related to the type of content which its owner must include in its corresponding www.
First level domain names may be of the following types: • Generic domains • Territorial domains
No, technically speaking, the server may be located in any country in the world. However, some countries allow registration of their domain names in servers from the same country.
Domain name is understood as the reference electronic address to locate a company, product or service which operates on the Internet, that is, the name which identifies a website. In the same way that an ID document identifies a person, or the image of a trade mark is associated with a product, the domain name represents a denomination used as a reference address to locate a company, a product or service, an individual etc that operates on the Internet. The denomination which makes up the domain name is frequently made up of the company’s business name, a trade mark or any sign which enables the user to locate it. Some persons skilled in the art identify the domain name as a trade mark in the territorial area of the Internet, that is, cyberspace. This declaration offers us an image of the importance of domain names due to the unlimited territorial dimension represented by the Internet.